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General Studies On Indian History About Buddhism

Written By STPORTAL on Sunday, March 18, 2012 | 2:50 PM

Study Material : General Studies On Indian History About Buddhism
The Buddha:
·         The Buddha also known as Sakyamuni or Tathagata.
·         Born in 563 BC on the Vaishakha Poornima Day at Lumbini (near Kapilavastu) in Nepal.
·         His father Suddhodana was the Saka ruler.
·         His mother (Mahamaya, of Kosala dynastry) died after 7 days of his birth. Brought up by stepmother Gautami.
·         Married at 16 to Yoshodhara. Enjoyed the married life for 13years and had a son named Rahula.
·         After seeing an old man, a sick man, a corpse and an ascetic, he decided to become a wanderer.
·         Left his palace at 29 in search of truth (also called ‘Mahabhinishkramana’ or The Great Renunication) and wandered for 6 years.
·         Attained ‘Enlightenment’ at 35 at Gaya in Magadha (Bihar) under the Pipal tree.
·         Delivered the first sermon at Sarnath where his five disciples had settled. His first sermon is called ‘Dharmachakrapracartan’ or ‘Turning of the Wheel of Law’.
·         Attained Mahaparinirvana at Kushinagar (identical with village Kasia in Deoria district of UP) in 483 BC at the age of 80 in the Malla republic.
Buddhist Councils:
·         First Council: At Rajgriha, in 483 BC under the Chairmanship of Mehakassaapa (king was Ajatshatru). Divided the teachings of Buddha into two Pitakas-Vinaya Pitaka and Sutta Pitaka.
·         Second Council: At Vaishali, in 383 BC under Sabakami (King was Kalasoka).Followers divided into Sthavirmadins and Mahasanghikas.
·         Third Council: At Pataliputra, in 250 BC under Mogaliputta Tissa (King was Ashoka) In this, the third part of the Tripitaka was coded in the Pali language.
·         Fourth council: At Kashmir (Kundalvan), in 72 AD under Vasumitra (King was Kanishka, Vice-Chairman was Ashwaghosha). Divided Buddhism into Mahayana and Hinayana sects.
·         Buddist Literature: In Pali language.
·         Vinaya Pitaka: Rules of discipline in the Buddhist monasteries.
·         Sutta Pitaka: Largest, contains collection of Buddha’s sermons.
·         Abhidhamma Pitaka: Explanation of the philosophical principles of the Buddhist religion

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