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Geography - World & Indian (Mineral Resources):

Written By Winston Bensford on Sunday, March 18, 2012 | 3:00 PM

Geography - World & Indian (Mineral Resources):
India is fairly rich in minerals and has sufficiently large reserves of ferrous metals, coals and mica, manganese, bazuxite and thorium. India has very little reserves of mercury, tungsten, molybdenum, silver, cobalt, nickel, tin and Zinc. The production of petroleum, phosphate and sulphur falls short of its requirements. The minerals of India is unevently distributed and are localised in few areas. More than 90% of our mineral wealth is concentrated in the chottanagpur plateau region.
 
Coal

India is the 4th largest coal producer in the world.
Distribution
  State
  Major Concentration
West Bengal
Raniganj
Bihar
Jharia
Jharkhand
Bokaro, Giridih, Karanpura
Madhya Pradesh
Singrauli, Pench valley
Chhattisgarh
Korba
Orissa
Talcher, Himgiri
Andhra Pradesh
Kantapalli, Singareni
Tamil Nadu
Neyveli (Lignite)
Assam
Namchik Namphuk, Makum , Najira, Janji
Meghalaya
Umralong, Darrangiri

Natural Gas

Natural gas is obtained in two ways.
A) Gas associated with along the crude Petroleum.
B)Free gas from the exclusive oil fields.
Distribution 1) Offshore fields in Bombay basin
2) Cambay basin in Gujarat
3) Tripura
4) Cauvery offshore basin in TN
5) Andhra Pradesh
6) Tanot in Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan The Gas Authority of India is responsible for the Planning and construction of pipelines for the movement of Gas , Oil and Petroleum products.

Major oil fields in India

1. Upper Assam or Naharkatia – Moran region : Major oil wells in this region are Digboi, Naharkatia, Moran, Lakwa , Sibsagar and Rudrasagar.

2. Bombay High : An offshore source lying 167 km to the North West of Mumbai.

3. Cambay Basin : This basin lies in the state of Gujarat and Major oil wells are Ankhaleshwar, Kosamba ,Kalol, Dhalka , Mahasena, Nawagam and Sobhasan

There are 13 refineries are located at Digboi, Nunmati (smallest) and Bongaigaon in Assam , Barauni in Bihar , Haldia in West Bengal , Vishakapatanam in AP , Madras and Panangudi in TN , Cochin in Kerala , Trombay in Maharastra coast , Koyali in Gujrat (Largest) and Mathura in Utter Pradesh. The total refining capacity is 57.4 million metric tonnes per annum and the total demand is 79 MT at the end of 1995 .

Iron ore

India possess about 20% of the world total reserves . second largest after the reserves of CIS. The total reserves of India consists of haematite or the red ores (9.6 billion tonnes) and the magnetite or the black ores (3.1 billion tonnes). Distribution
Orissa
Gurumahisani and the badampahar group of mines in Mayurbhanj district, in Sundergarh districts.
Jharkhand
Barajamda mines, Singhbhum district
Chhattisgarh
Dallirajhara in Durg district and bailadila in Baster district
Maharashtra
Lohara,Pipalgaon,Surajgarh region & Ratnagiri district
Karnataka
Bellary-Chitradurga-Chikmaglur-Tumkur belt and magnetite in kudremukh
Tamil Nadu
Salem-Trichirapalli-North Arcot belt
 
Manganese
India is the world’s third largest producer, next only to the CIS and South Africa
Distribution
Orissa
The Gondite is found in Keonjhar and Sundergarh dt; Kodurite and Khondolite in Koraput and Kalahandi districts; Lateritic deposits In Bolangir and sambalpur districts
Jharkhand
Singhbhum dt
Karnataka
Bellary, Chitradurga, Shimoga, Tumkur and North Kanara
M.P
Balaghat and Chindwara
Maharastra
Bhandara and Nagpur
A.P
Srikakulam and Vishakapatanam
 
Copper
India is deficient in copper , depends mainly on imports of its copper use and produces only 30% indigenously.

Distribution
Jharkhand
Singhbhum, Santhal parganas ,Palamau
Bihar
Hazaribagh, Gaya
Rajasthan
Kherti belt,Udaipur and Bhilwara
M.P
Balaghat, Malanjkhand
A.P
Khammam,Guntur and Kurnool
Karnataka
Chitradurga and Hassan
Maharashtra
Chandrapur
 
Bauxite
India has adequate reserves of Bauxite reserves
Madhya Pradesh
Amarkantak plateau in shadot , Maikala Hills, Sarguja-Bilaspur-Raigarh- Kanti
Jharkhand
Ranchi and Palamau
Gujrat
Jamnagar, Kaira, Sabarkantha, Surat and Kachchh
Karnataka
Belgaum
Maharastra
Kolaba, Kolhapur and Ratnagiri
Tamil Nadu
Salem , Nilagiri , Coimbatore and Madurai
Utter Pradesh
Banda
Jammu and Kashmir
Poonch and Udhampur
 
Lead and Zinc
The reserves of lead and zinc is not adequate for domestic use.

Distribution
Rajasthan
Zarwar mines in Udaipur and Anguncha in Bhilwara districts
Andhra Pradesh
Cuddapah district
Gujarat
Banaskantha, Vadodara, Panchmahal and Surat

Meghalaya and Sikkim also have Lead and Zinc reserves.
Gold

Distribution
1. The entire production of Kolar gold fields in karnataka is sold to Reserve Bank of India
2. Hutti gold fields in Raichur (Karnataka) is used for industrial purpose through State Bank of India
3. Ramagiri gold fields in Anantpur (Andhra Pradesh)

Mica

India is the largest producer of Mica in the world.

Distribution
Bihar
Gaya – Hazaribagh
Rajasthan
Beawar,Ajmir,Banswara – Dungarpur belt,Bhilwara,Tonk and Kaunthal

Rajasthan : Beawar,Ajmir,Banswara – Dungarpur belt,Bhilwara,Tonk and Kaunthal
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