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SBI PO Descriptive Exam 2015 Important techniques with Sample Questions

Written By Winston Bensford on Sunday, May 17, 2015 | 11:26 AM

stportal.inESSAY WRITING
An essay is a piece of writing which is often written from an author’s personal point of view. Essays can consist
of a number of elements, including-literary criticism, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the
author.
Learning how to write any essay can be quiet annoying and difficult if you are not working in a right direction.
The word ‘essay’ means ‘to try’, ‘to attempt’. When you are writing any essay, you are trying to describe that topic to
the best of your ability and knowledge. It can also be said to be the just opposite of précis writing i.e. an exercise
similar to the expansion of the topic.
Here we bring to you a complete chapter dedicated to types of essays their techniques of writing along with basic
rules that one would follow to write an impressive piece of essay.


 WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF ESSAYS ?
 Essays can be classified as Narrative, Descriptive, Expository, Reflective & Imaginative.

 NARRATIVE ESSAYS
Narrative essays are narration of some event or incident. They are experiences written by you that you
face during your life. It tells a story whether based on real experiences or imaginative. The writer uses details that are
significant and merges them to build up a story line that is easy for the reader to follow. The narrative can cover
Historical Events (The 1857 Mutiny), Social Events (a marriage or festival) incidents like an accident or earthquake.

 DESCRIPTIVE ESSAYS
The descriptive essays are a genre of essay that asks the students to describe an object, person, place,
experience, emotion, situation etc. These types of essays basically allows for a great deal of artistic freedom. They
could be written so as to paint an extremely vibrant image that is vivid and moving in the mind of the reader.

 EXPOSITORY ESSAYS
An expository essay presents, completely and fairly, other people’s views or to report about an event or a
situation. It helps in presenting a subject in detail, apart from criticism, argument or development. Such writing is
discourse designed to convey information or explain what is difficult to understand. The purpose of these types of essays
lies in putting forward other people’s views with fairness and absoluteness.

 PERSUASIVE ESSAYS
Through persuasive essays, you have to persuade the reader into convincing that your point of view is
correct by adopting logical reasoning to show that one idea is more legitimate than the other idea . Basically all essays
are persuasive essays. Sometimes you are assigned a controversial topic, but an essay on the meaning of an article or
poetry is also a persuasive essay.

 REFLECTIVE ESSAYS
It is a reflection or thoughts on some subject. The goal of a reflective essay is to not only discuss what
you learned, but to convey the personal experiences and findings that resulted.

 IMAGINATIVE ESSAYS
In these, you have to imagine a position or situation, such as ‘If I were the Prime Minister’; or ‘If all
the motor cars are banned’, ‘Autobiography of a Television’, etc.

 HOW TO WRITE AN ESSAY ?
 Essays can range from five paragraphs to twenty pages or more and cover any topic. What all essays have in common,
however, is that they explain your perspective - preferably in a clear, illuminating, and informative manner.
Body of an Essay

INTRODUCTION
Every topic should be introduced properly. Slightly general in nature, the introduction should define,
explain or enlarge the topic. It should be a short paragraph leading to the further exposition of the topic in the body of
the essay.

 BODY
Contains the main points or arguments of the explanation All the major points should be put in separate
paragraphs. These should be linked logically, the first point leading to the second, the second to the third and so on.
This is the most important aspect of the essay, the major thrust of the essay. Points for an argument should come first
followed by points against, which you should dispute properly.

 CONCLUSION
Ideally, it should summarize the main points of the essay.

SAMPLE ESSAY
An outline 
“Should Students Take part in Politics”.
 Introduction : Start with what politics is and how it should be dealt with.
 Body : Take a position; if you think students should or should not.
 For :
* It is but correct to give students ideas of politics even in the early age.
* In a democracy, politics of the right spirit, will only prove beneficial.
* It provides them with leadership qualities.
* It gives them the idea of nationality and confidence to work for the nation.
* It makes them aware of the problems that face India, and to find out right solutions.
* They become ideal citizens by taking part in politics.

 Against :
* Politics diverts the student’s attention.
* It gives rise to strikes etc.
* An immature mind is not capable of knowing the full details of a particular party.
* Their exploitation by the selfish politicians is well known.
* Instead of becoming the best citizens, they get into the most miserable conditions in life as a result of this.
Conclusion : Summarize the major arguments in one paragraph.
Brief Overview of 10 Essay Writing Steps.
Below are brief summaries of each of the ten steps to writing an essay.

Step - 1 : RESEARCH
Begin the essay writing process by researching your topic, making yourself an expert. You could utilize various
databases like internet, library, magazines etc. Read maximum to enhance your knowledge on all subjects so that you are
not forced to face a completely new topic in the exam.

Step - 2 : ANALYZE
Now that you have a good knowledge base, start analyzing the arguments of the essays you are reading. Clarify your
doubts as soon as they arise. With proper analysis, you will be able to retain the meaningful points of any topic and you
will be able to recall them at appropriate time. Learning how to write an essay begins by learning how to analyze essays
written by others.
Step - 3 : BRAINSTORMING :
Your essays should have your insights, genuine essay - writing brilliance. Ask yourself a dozen questions and
answer them. Meditate with a pen in your hand. Take walks and think and think until you come up with original insights to
write about.

Step -4: CHOOSE A TOPIC
After you have prepared yourself thoroughly, try to choose something you are interested in, in your exam, as this
will make the essay easier to write. You can also write your thesis statement at this point. Pick your best idea and pen
it down in a clear assertion that you can write your entire essay around. It is practically impossible to write a good
essay without a clear thesis.



Step - 5 : OUTLINE
Sketch out your essay before straightaway writing it out. Use one-line sentences to describe paragraphs, and
bullet points to describe what each paragraph will contain.

Step - 6 : INTRODUCTION
Now properly write the essay. The introduction should grab the reader’s attention, set up the issue, and lead in
to your thesis. Your introduction is merely a build up of the issue, a stage of bringing your reader into the essay’s
argument.

Step - 7 : PARAGRAPHS
Each individual paragraph should be focused on a single idea that supports your thesis. Speak to your reader as if
he or she were sitting in front of you.

Step - 8 : CONCLUSION
Gracefully exit your essay by making a quick wrap-up sentence, and then end on some memorable thought, perhaps a
quotation, or an interesting twist of logic, or some call to action.

Step - 9 : READ THROUGH YOUR ESSAY
For now, don’t worry about grammatical errors, underline them so you can go back and fix them later. Go from start
to finish to see how your essay flows. Does each sentence lead smoothly and logically to the next ?

Step - 10 : PROOF READ 
Now check for spelling and/or grammatical errors. 
 Pick out any repetitive words. Make sure that you are using unfamiliar words correctly.
 Avoid using colloquial (informal) writing. Your essay should have a serious tone, even if written in a light or
lyrical style.
 Use English punctuation correctly. Consult a style book if you are unsure how to properly use commas, apostrophes,
colons etc. Avoid using exclamation points to emphasize your statements.

TIPS TO WRITING ESSAYS
 Use clear and concise language
 Choose vivid language
 Use your senses
 Leave the reader with a clear impression
 Be organized
 Start early and budget your time
 Write a quick draft all the way through
 Think differently
 Format and Presentation counts.
Here are some essays to help you get the criteria of writing an organized piece on a given topic.

NARRATIVE ESSAYS
Example 1-
1. A Terrible incident in my Childhood
Every spring, when the weather is cold, I remember when I was a little girl (almost seven years old) I lived with
my mother and my grandma in the country, because they were teachers there. Of course, this place is in Himachal Pradesh.
We stayed at Shiksha School from Monday mornings to Friday afternoons. There were a lot of children that went to
school there. On the weekends, we lived in a little town named Mandi, in Manali. My father lived and worked in another
place, Delhi (the second most important city in India). We were together as a family only on the weekends and when we were
on vacations.
One day, in the afternoon, when the weather was very cold, the sky began to turn dark. At this moment, an old man
arrived at the school and said: “Please, take care of the children and yourselves. I heard on the radio that hard winds
and rain, with the possibility of becoming a twister, are coming!”
I believe that I never felt as I did at this moment. I thought that it could be the final day of our lives. All
the children, my mother, my grandma and I were under the tables and desks. What fear we had in this moment! However, a few
minutes later (almost ten), the sun was shining again, and the sky went back to blue.
From this experience, I learned not to exaggerate something so little. It was a small storm, and I thought I was
going to die. I think now that similar things happen in many areas of life. The sun always stays, but the clouds go.
Example 2-
2. It was late in the night when I woke up from my bed. I looked out from a window and saw the street in front of my
house. There was that kid again. He was standing like a small creature, freezing like an ice, and sometimes, walking back
and forth like someone who was in a confusing mind. Unlike the other nights, I went out of my house and got in closer to
where the kid was standing. When I was quite close to him in distance, I saw that the boy had a cold face. His body was
not so big but I could see the way he looked at me. That eyes! I knew that eyes!
“Hi, kid. What are you doing around here? It’s late at night,” I said. He didn’t say anything. What he did was he
just kept walking back and forth without saying anything.
“I saw you every night in front of my house since last week. Well, if you have nothing to eat or something, you
can come to my house,” I offered him food for I could see how his body was trembling by the snow. And the way his hands
tounched his stomach showed how hungry he was. The weather outside was very bad. I even felt that my body was going to be
trembling too, so, I got back to my house. When I wanted to open the door of my house, that kid touched my coat. He said
something that I was barely able to hear. But, I let him in.
In that house, I stayed alone. I was still a young person them if not very young. Now, there was a kid in
my house. At that time, I felt that the night was going to be longer than I expected, but, in fact, it wasn’t. I gave him
a glass of hot chocolate and a French bread that I made by my own hands. I looked at that kid while he was eating his
foods. He was so hungry.
Usually, if the time was at 2 o’clock, I would probably be sleeping in that full-of-rose bed. My husband
was still there. Sleeping. This night, I felt little bit different. It was because of the kid. Days and days passed. But,
my husband never knew that the kid and I were always laughing in the kitchen, even until 3 or 4 in the morning. We ate
foods and sometimes, I told him a story of the fairy tales. Once my husband was awake and he said, “Laura, I hear you talk
with someone. Who is that ?” I never care for what my husband said. He kept saying that he couldn’t see the kid. And I
kept saying that the kid was there with me. I though that the kid was afraid of seeing my husband.
In one night, he never showed up again. That kid was like missing or going somewhere. I didn’t know. That
happened since my pregnancy. I always missed that kid. He had come to my house and had dinner with me together almost for
a month. Again, for this one, my husband didn’t know that. Until I had to bear a baby, I was totally amazed for what I
could see in the face of my baby. He was a miracle.
My baby grew up as a boy. His face was exactly the same as the face of the boy who had come to my house in
that wonderful night. He said, “Thank you, mom.” He always said that three words. Everytime he wanted to sleep, he said
that words again. I asked him for why he said that words again and again every night before he went to the bed. My boy
said, “You were always there when I needed you.” There was only a guessing in my mind and I don’t know why he said that.
I felt happy for what my boy said. But, things were different when I tried to think of it. A five year old
boy would never say that unless he was taught to do so. I wondered about a weird thing, so I took a walk around the street
of my house. Suddenly, after I passed five corners of the street, I saw a picture sticked into a wall of a house and
something written down on it. “Gilbert, 5 years old, was found dead in this street because of accident.” I was crying. My
mind brought me back to that boy and I never realize how weird this life was.
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